2nd Semester Chemistry Important questions 1st chapter

2nd Sem. Chemistry Important Questions with Ans.

Que:- What is hydrogen bonding?

Ans Hydrogen Bonding: Attractive force between hydrogen atom of one molecule with strongly electronegative atom of other molecule.
● Electronegative atom posses lone pair of electrons such as, nitrogen , fluorine ,and oxygen.● Hydrogen atom interacts with strongly electronegative atom has partial positive charge on one side and partial negative charge on other side.
●Hydrogen is positive charge molecule interacts with negative charge of another molecule to form a bridge b/w the two molecules.

Que1:- Explain why p-nitrophenol is more soluble than o-nitro  phenol in water.

Ans:- In p- nitro phenol intermolecular hydrogen bond form with water molecule and in o-nitrophenol there is no possible intersection of hydrogen bond formation with water molecule hence p-nitrophenol is more soluble than o-nitrophenol.

Que:-2 Explain acetone is more volatile than alcohol.

Ans: Alcohol have strong hydrogen bonding b/w each other which makes it harder to vapourize . In acetone , weak Vander Waal’s forces exist b/w atoms and it boils at very low temperature hence acetone is more volatile than alcohol.




1.Atomic and Molecular StructureMolecular orbital of diatomic molecules.Band theory of solid . Liquid crystal and it’s application.Point defect in solid . Structure and Application of Graphite and Fullerenes. Concepts of Nanomaterials and it’s application.
2.Spectroscopic technique And ApplicationElementary idea and sample application of rotational, Vibrational, Ultraviolet &Visible and Raman Spectroscopic.
3 .


Nernst Equation and Application, relation of EMF with thermodynamics function (∆H, ∆F, and ∆S). Lead storage battery.


causes , effect and it’s prevention.

Phase rule

and it’s application to water system.

4.Water .Analysis;Hardness of water , Techniques for water softening (Lime-soda, Zeolite, Ion exchange resin and Reverse osmosis method)


classification of Fuels, Analysis of Coal , Determination of calorific value (Bomb calorimeterand Dulong’s smethos).

5.PolymerBasic concept of Polymer – Blend and composites, Conducting and Biodegradable Polymer. Preparation and Application of some industrially important polymers (Buna-S , Buna-N, Neoprene, Nylon – 6, Nylon-6 , 6 and Terylene). General method of synthesis of organometallic compounds (Grignard reagent) and their application.

Module 1: Matrices

1. Types of Matrices

   Symmetric, Skew Symmetric and Orthogonal Matrices
2. Complex Matrices
3. Inverse and Rank of matrix using elementary transformation
4. Rank-Nullity theorem
5.System of linear equations,
6.Characteristic equation,
7. Caley-Hamilton theorem and it’s application
8.Eigen Values and eigen vectors
9. Diagonalisation of a matrix.
I hope in these topics helpful for you
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